Phenoscience Laboratories conducts a research program on the foundations of quantum mechanics. The current focus is emerging concepts such as nonlocal information, effective non-signalling, experimenter free will, quantum complexity, and quantum causality, as applied in the search of a possible ontology for quantum mechanics. Phenoscience Laboratories is a regular co-organizer of the Emergent Quantum Mechanics (EmQM) symposium series since 2013 (EmQM17). For the contributions of Phenoscience Laboratories to the EmQM symposium series see also EDITED VOLUMES and VIDEO MEDIA. In this effort, Phenoscience Laboratories has developed a close collaboration with Dr. Gerhard Grössing at the Austrian Institute for Nonlinear Studies (AINS). This program is sponsored in large part by the Fetzer Franklin Fund (FFF) of the John E. Fetzer Memorial Trust.

Nonlocal Information, Quantum Causality, and Non-signalling

Walleczek, J. and Grössing, G. (2016a) Nonlocal Quantum Information Transfer Without Superluminal Signalling and Communication. Found. Phys. 46, 1208–1228. Read more

Synopsis: A definition of an effective non-signalling theorem is introduced that can cope with the challenge of accounting for EPR-type nonlocal correlations in ontological or emergent quantum mechanics. In defining the role of the experimenter agent, a distinction between type-1 and type-2 processes is drawn, whereby only the type-1 process entails a degree of (free-willed) agent control in selecting measurement settings. It is found that the presence of type-1 processes (e.g., Shannon signalling) is necessary for the communication of a message between two agents; however, the presence of type-2 processes (e.g., non-Shannon signalling) is entirely sufficient for (random) information transfers between any two locations in nature in the absence of meaningful communication. It is highly problematic that the orthodox view of quantum mechanics still ignores the essential differences between type-1 and type-2 processes in interpreting the non-signalling theorem. This neglect frequently leads to false conclusions regarding the (im)possibility of ontological quantum mechanics, such as of de Broglie-Bohm theory.

Walleczek, J. (2016) The Super-indeterminism in Orthodox Quantum Mechanics Does Not Implicate the Reality of Experimenter Free Will. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 701, 012005. Read more

Synopsis: The concept of ‘super-indeterminism’ is introduced for experimenter agents performing quantum experiments. Super-indeterminism is shown to underlie the Conway-Kochen free-will theorem. Unlike Conway and Kochen, it is argued that John S. Bell (of Bell’s nonlocality theorem), instead favored an effective free will theorem, i.e., one that is fully compatible with the rule of determinism and causality in nature. Finally, the article argues that Bell’s notion of ‘effectively free variables’ can be identified plausibly with the existence of variables in nature that are ‘universally uncomputable’, possibly as a function of self-referential system dynamics, including self-organization and deterministic chaos. Regarding the feature of ‘universal uncomputability’, the article concludes that “In principle, this essential feature of deterministic chaos, holds true for physical, chemical, biological, and even psycho-physical, systems, including in neurophysiological brain states potentially associated with the free choice performance by an experimenter agent (for an overview, e.g., Walleczek [11]).”

Walleczek, J. and Grössing, J. (2016b) Is the World Local or Nonlocal? Towards an Emergent Quantum Mechanics in the 21st Century. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 701, 012001. Read more

Walleczek, J. and Grössing, G. (2014) The Non-signalling Theorem in Generalizations of Bell’s Theorem. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 504, 012001. Read more

New Projects

Phenoscience Laboratories is presently researching the problem of time-symmetric interpretations in ontological quantum mechanics. In time-symmetric quantum ontologies how is the non-signalling theorem to be interpreted? Work is in preparation that applies the new concept of Shannon signalling (see Walleczek und Grössing, 2016a) to retro-causal ontologies, including closed-timelike-curves (CTCs) in general relativity (in preparation). This work is sponsored in large part by the Fetzer Franklin Fund (FFF) of the John E. Fetzer Memorial Trust.